DEWINTERISING YOUR BOAT
Checklist for recommissioning your boat
Just before launching off in the spring, rub down the antifouling and if there are any areas that have flaked off back to the gelcoat then paint these with primer before applying 2 coats of new antifouling.
Check the hull for any signs of damage and repair as found to be required and there if there is any blistering found you should get this checked by a GRP specialist or a surveyor.
Clean and wax the hull
Clean the surface of the propeller/s, propeller shaft/s and rudder/s
Check the condition of the keel/s and treat any corrosion found prior to repainting
Check the anodes fitted to the hull and sail drive/stern drive legs, if these are 50% or more worn then replace them. If the anodes are covered in a calcerous deposit and less than 50% worn then they will need to be cleaned back to a bright metal surface.
Using a multi meter check the connections of hull anodes to the stern gear and rudders
Check that the drives are lifting and lowering
Check that the trim tabs are working
Check the limber holes in the floors are clear and that the bilge pumps are working
If there were protective covers fitted over the winter they will need to be removed
The winches should be stripped down and serviced
The windlass should be stripped down and serviced. Check the condition of the anchor and chain, also check that the shackles are secure and serviceable
Check and service the steering equipment, checking the condition and adjustments of any cables if fitted
Service the rest of the deck equipment as required
Check the condition and attachment of the pulpit, pushpit/s and stanchions,
Check the condition of the guardwires where they pass through the stanchions checking for broken strands of wire and check that all the clevis pins and their split pins are in place.
If any of the outside timberwork is varnished or finished then this should be rubbed down and reinstated as found to be required
Check that the windscreen wiper/s are working and check the condition of the blades
Clean and polish the deck
Refit the sprayhood
3. BOATS INTERIOR
Refit all the bunk access panels, cabin sole access panels and close all the locker doors
Check the brightwork, rub down and refinish as found to be required
Refit all the cushions, carpets and curtains
Put back onboard all the loose on board kit that was removed and placed in storage ashore
Refit all the batteries that were removed from the portable equipment
4. FRESH WATER SYSTEM
Close all the taps
Refill the water tank/s
Bleed the air out of the water system, starting with the cold tap that is closest to the water pump or distribution box if fitted and working away from this. On hot and cold water systems you will need to bleed the hot water taps starting with the closest tap to the hot water tank or distribution box if fitted
5. SEACOCKS AND TOILET
Before launching off in the spring check all the hose clips are securely attached and if there are any signs of corrosion found then replace them.
Check the hoses for signs of leaks, cracks/perishing and replace as found to be required
Check that all the seacocks are moving freely and service or replace these as found to be required and if replacing any you should fit corrosion resistant type valves.
Replace the drain plus on the base of the toilet/s
6. MAST AND SAILS
If the mast is stepped check the:
Structural parts for cracks, deformation, wear/play, corrosion and plastic ageing
Security of the fittings
That all the moving parts are moving freely.
Check the general condition of the boom extrusion, also check the gooseneck fitting, the security of the end fittings, sheaves, jammers and the sliders.
Check the standing rigging for signs of damage paying particular attention to the area where the wire enters the swage terminals, looking for broken wires and cracks in the terminals. Also look for any signs of rust stains spiralling down the strands from above as this would indicate a possible broken wire strand aloft. If there are any problems found then you should get the rigging checked over by a rigger.
Check the adjustment of the standing rigging and that all the rigging screw barrels are fitted with split pins or that they are locked off.
Check that all the clevis pins and their split pins are in place.
Service the furling system
Refit the running rigging to the mast and boom
Place all the sails back onboard the boat
If the mast is unstepped and on supports on the ground then the following should be checked in addition to the above:
The masthead fitting for worn bushes, sheaves for wear, security of all items fitted to the masthead and the condition of the wiring
Shackles of external halyard blocks are secure and in good condition
Windex, wind gear correctly aligned and operating freely
The security of the spreader ends and spreader roots. Check for wear and cracks on the fittings and any signs of damage/cracks where the rigging passes through the spreader ends.
Mast tangs/terminations for the standing rigging are checked for signs of corrosion and elongation
The condition and attachment of all the mast lights
Running backstay and checkstay mast fittings for signs of elongation, check that the stay connections are secure and that the stays articulate. Check that the split pins are taped up and protected to avoid damage to sails
Radar reflector and radar scanner are securely fastened to the mast; the wires on the scanner to ensure electrical wires are clamped correctly and not suspended under their own weight. That there is no chafe on the wires around the mast wall entry and exit points. Deflective guard if fitted is adequate and secured
7. GAS SYSTEM
Check that the flexible gas hoses in the gas bottle locker and on the cooker are in date, these are marked up with the date of manufacture and if they are found to be over 5 years old then they need to be replaced. The replacement flexible gas hose/s need/s to be in accordance with ISO 10239 and meet the requirements of EN1763.
Check the regulator for corrosion and its age, this is marked up with the date of manufacture and if it is found to be over 10 years old then it will need to be replaced with a new regulator that is in accordance with ISO 10239
Check the gas bottle/s for corrosion
Check the gas taps and controls
Check that you have an in dated gas test certificate, if not then you will need get a qualified Marine LPG Gas Safe Registered engineer to check this and issue a certificate, this a requirement of most if not all insurance companies.
8. 12v DC ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Reconnect the batteries and make sure they are fully charged
Check that all the lights are still working
Check the electronics
Before launching off in the spring check the oil in the stern drive/s
Before launching off in the spring clean up the surface of the propeller/s, propeller shaft/s, ‘P’ bracket/s and rudder/s
Remove oil impregnated paper covering the engine
Check the condition of the saltwater pump impeller/s, replace or refit this as found to be required and replace the gasket/s then refit the cover/s on the water pump/s
Remove the tape covering the air intake/s, clean the air filter/s and refit
Remove the tape covering the exhaust outlet/s and refit the exhaust hose/s
If any drain plugs that have been removed or opened up then make sure these are reinstalled or closed off
Check the anodes fitted to the engine/s if these are 50% or more worn then replace them
Bleed the fuel line/s as found to be required
Check the drive belts for any signs of wear, damage and adjustment, replace and adjust as found to be required.
Check the coupling bolts are tight
Check the engine controls
10. SAFETY EQUIPMENT
Check the condition of all the safety equipment and that it has been serviced in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations
If you are not sure about any of the safety equipment then have it checked and serviced professionally
Check the expiry date of the fire extinguishers, flares, batteries fitted to the EPIRB and any other equipment that has a finite life.
A. WHERE THE ABOVE DIFFERS FROM THE MANUFACTURERS RECOMMENDATIONS THEN THE ADVICE GIVEN BY THE MANUFACTURER MUST BE FOLLOWED.
B. PLEASE DO NOT TAKE THIS TO BE A DEFINITIVE LIST, THE ABOVE CHECKLIST IS INTENDED AS A GUIDE ONLY AND THERE WILL BE SOME ITEMS THAT I HAVE NEGLECTED TO MENTION THAT ARE ALSO IMPORTANT AND MORE SO ON LARGER VESSELS SUCH AS GENERATORS, WATER MAKERS, ICE MAKERS etc